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David Tukhmanov

From Unearthing The Music

David Toukhmanov. Picture by Ivan Bessedin

David Fyodorovich Tukhmanov (Russian: Дави́д Фёдорович Тухма́нов, born on July 20th, 1940, in Moscow, USSR) is a Soviet and Russian composer. He was named People's Artist of Russia (2000), and won the State Prize of Russian Federation (2003).[1]

Biography

Tukhmanov is the son of engineer Fyodor Davidovich Tukhmanov and a Russian music teacher Vera Anatolyevna Karasyova.[2] He began to learn music under his mother's tutelage at an early age and wrote his first piece of music (Lezginka), when he was four years old. He then studied at the Gnesins Musical School (1958) and later studied composition at Gnesins Musical College (1963). His final project during this course was "Distance After Distance", an oratorio for soloists, choir and orchestra, based on fragments of the epic poem of the same name by Alexander Tvardovsky.[1]

Tukhmanov is known for several Soviet-themed hit songs such as Victory Day (Den Pobedy) and other popular songs. His first hit song was Last Electrichka (1968).[1][3]

In 1972[4] Tukhmanov released his first album How Beautiful is the World. In 1973 he wrote songs and music for a TV film, "This Merry Planet". In the following year he released an album with the film's soundtrack, which also included several additional songs.[5]

In 1975 Tukhmanov released On a Wave of My Memory.[1] This album was recorded in secret, in more remote studios across Moscow, with tight lips and keeping a low profile, for fear of censors shutting down the project before fruition. This did not happen, however, and the album was a record-breaking success for the USSR, becoming a highly sought-after product, which rivaled albums by Pink Floyd or Deep Purple in terms of desirability. The idea of "On a Wave of My Memory" was developed by Tatyana Sashko, David Tukhmanov's wife, who picked the classic poems for the album's songs. It is considered to be the first conceptual Russian rock album.

In January 1981, Tukhmanov created the rock band Moskva (Moscow), with Nikolai Noskov (vocals, rhythm guitar), Alexey Belov (vocals, lead guitar, keyboards) and Dmitry Serebryakov (drums). In 1982 Moskva released the "UFO" album,[8] which musical critic Yuri Filinov describes as being "rather far from structure of thinking in Western rock" (though arrangements, instruments, rhythms were modern). Filinov also defined the album as a noncommercial disk.[9]. Eventually Tukhmanov stopped writing songs for the band. In the spring of 1984 Noskov left the band, and soon he recorded Tukhmanov's song Night. In 1985 Moskva recorded Tukhmanov's song, "XXIII Century".[10]

In 1984 and in 1985 Tukhmanov wrote five songs for Alexander Barykin's Carnaval (an album, Steps).[11] During the same period he wrote a mini-album for Soviet pop singer Jaak Joala, Love Itself.[12] In 1985, Tukhmanov also released an album, War Songs, dedicated to the 40th anniversary of Soviet victory in Second World War.[13]

In 1986, Tukhmanov wrote music and songs for the TV film The Travel of M. Perrichon (an adaptation of Eugène Labiche's vaudeville),[14]releasing the music as an album the following year.[15]

In 1986 he started a pop band, Electroclub, which released three albums.[16][17][18] In 1989, after his work with Electroclub, Tukhmanov created a musical, Thief of Bagdad (together with poet and lyricist Yuri Entin), which premiered in 1990 in Moscow (theatre Satiricon) and in Sverdlovsk.[1] This musical is still performed to this day in many Russian cities.[19]

After the disintegration of USSR, Tukhmanov emigrated to Germany. In 1995 he returned and wrote six cycles of songs for children (he also wrote the hymn of children's animated festival «Golden Fish») with Yuri Entin. He wrote the Square Windows cycle (based on the poems by Innokenty Annensky) too.[1] In 2007, Tukhmanov wrote songs for a literary-musical composition based on poems by Alexander Pushkin.[19] His album, Long Live the Muses! has released in 2009, 210 years after Pushkin's birth.[20]

In 2007, Tukhmanov and Yuri Entin finished their second variant of the musical Evening in Copenhagen (on motives of Nikolai Erdman's play The Mandate).[19]

Tukhmanov eventually returned to a classical style. In 2002, he created the oratorio Legend of Yermak for a large choir, soloists and an orchestra. By the end of 2005, he finished his creation of an opera, Ekaterina the Great.[1] Ekaterina the Great (libretto by Yuri Ryashentsev and Galina Polidi) has been directed in the theatre Gelikon Opera under the title Tsaritsa. Its premiere took place in 2009, in Saint Petersburg.[21]

Tukhmanov wrote a triptych for mezzo-soprano and a piano Dream of Sebastian, or Saint Night (based on the poems by Georg Trakl). Its first performance took place in 2007, in Moscow.[19]

In 1998, Tukhmanov was invited to the musical direction of the World Olympic Junior Games in Moscow and wrote music for the event. In 2010, Tukhmanov released his solo album Tango of Boris Poplavsky's Dreams.[19]

He currently splits his time between Israel, his wife's country, and Russia.

Discography

Russian title English translation Year
«Песни Давида Тухманова» David Tukhmanov's Songs 1970(EP)[24]
«Как прекрасен мир» How the World Is Fine 1972(LP),[4] 1997(CD)[25]
«Мой адрес — Советский Союз» My Address Is Soviet Union 1972(LP),[4] 1997(CD)[25]
«Я еду к морю» I Go to Sea 1974(EP)[28]
«Эта веселая планета» These Cheerful Planet 1974(LP)[5]
Ансамбль «Веселые ребята». Песни Давида Тухманова. Vesiolie Rebiata. David Tukhmanov's Songs. 1975(EP)[29]
Давид Тухманов. Песни. David Tukhmanov. Songs. 1975(EP)[30]
«По волне моей памяти» On My Memory's Wave 1975(LP),[31] 1997(CD),[32] 2000(CD),[33] 2005(CD)[19]
«Соловьиная роща» Nightingale's Grove 1976(EP)[34]
Песни Давида Тухманова David Tukhmanov's Songs 1977(Single)[35]
Памяти гитариста. Памяти поэта. In Memory of the Guitarist. In Memory of the Poet. 1978(Single)[36]
Давид Тухманов. Песни. David Tukhmanov. Songs. 1979(EP)[38]
«Олимпиада-80» Olympiad-80 1980[39]
Н.Л.О. Группа «Москва» UFO. Moscva band. 1982(LP),[41] 2007(CD)[19]
«Карнавал». Ступени. Carnaval. Steps. 1985(LP),[11] - 1996(CD)[42]
Яак Йоала. Сама любовь. Jaak Joala. Love Itself 1985(LP on 45 rpm),[12] 2007(CD)[43]
Военные песни. Давид Тухманов War Songs. David Tukhmanov. 1985(LP)[13]
"Путешествие мсье Перришона" The Travel of M. Perrichon 1987(LP)[15]
«Электроклуб» Electroclub 1987(LP)[16]
«Электроклуб»-2 Electroclub 2 1988(LP)[17]
«Электроклуб» Electroclub. Toy. 1989(LP)[18]
Давид Тухманов. Мой адрес — Советский Союз. David Tukhmanov. My Address Is Soviet Union. 1998(CD, compilation)[45]
- Weimar Suite 1999(CD, instrumental music, Germany)[46]
Давид Тухманов. Мои любимые (песни в исполнении автора). David Tukhmanov. My Beloved - 1999(CD)[47] 1999(CD)[47]
Д. Тухманов, Ю. Энтин. Детям: Золотая горка. D. Tukhmanov, Y. Entin. For Children: Golden Hill. 2000(CD)[48]
Давид Тухманов. Вечная весна. Избранные песни. David Tukhmanov. Eternal Spring. Selected Songs. 2000(CD)[49]
«Волшебные детские песенки» Magic Children's Songs 2000(CD)[48]
Давид Тухманов. Родина моя. David Tukhmanov. My Motherland. 2003(CD)[54]
Давид Тухманов, Людмила Гурченко. "Мадлен, спокойно!". Музыка и песни к спектаклю Романа Козака. David Tukhmanov, Lyudmila Gurchenko. "Madlen, Be Easy!". Music and songs to Roman Kozak's theatrical performance. 2003(CD)[54]
Давид Тухманов. Европейская сюита. David Tukhmanov. The European Suite. 2004(CD, instrumental music)[55]
Давид Тухманов. Карнавал-сюита David Tukhmanov. Carnival-suite. 2004(CD, instrumental music)[56]
Иосиф Кобзон. Посвящение другу (песни Давида Тухманова). Joseph Kobzon. Dedication to a Friend (David Tukhmanov's Songs). 2005(CD)[19][57]
Давид Тухманов. Сердце любить должно. Избранное. David Tukhmanov. - Heart Must Love. Selection. 2005(CD, compilation and new records[NR])[19][58]
Давид Тухманов. Марши для духового оркестра David Tukhmanov. Marches for Trumpet Orchestra. 2006(CD, instrumental music)[19][60]
Давид Тухманов. Белый танец. David Tukhmanov. The European Suite. 2004(CD, instrumental music)[55]
Давид Тухманов. Европейская сюита. David Tukhmanov. White Dance. 2006(CD, compilation)[19][59]
Давид Тухманов. Элегия. David Tukhmanov. Elegy. 2006(CD, compilation and new records [NR])[19][61]
Давид Тухманов. Звездная песня неба. David Tukhmanov. Sky's Star Song. 2006(CD, compilation)[19][62]
«Электроклуб». Темная лошадка. Electroclub. Dark Horse. 2007(CD, compilation)[19]
«Веселые ребята». Любовь — дитя планеты. Давид Тухманов. Vesiolie Rebiata. Love Is the Child of Planet. David Tukhmanov. 2007(CD, compilation)[19][63]
Давид Тухманов. Вечное движение. David Tukhmanov. Eternal Movement. 2008(CD, compilation)[19][64]
Давид Тухманов. Семейный альбом. David Tukhmanov. Family Album. 2008(CD, compilation)[19][65]
Давид Тухманов. Не забывай. David Tukhmanov. Don't Forget. 2008(CD, compilation)[19][66]
Давид Тухманов. Танго снов Бориса Поплавского. David Tukhmanov. Tango of Boris Poplavsky's Dreams. 2010(CD)[19][67]


External links

David Tukhmanov at iTunes

References

  1. (in Russian) THE BIOGRAPHY — Official site of David Fyodorovich Tukhmanov
  2. Р. И. Петрушанская // Советские композиторы — лауреаты премии Ленинского // Москва. Советский композитор 1989 pp. 132-149 (320) Давид Тухманов родился 20 сентября 1940 года в Москве в семье служащих. Отец Федор Давидович Тухманов, инженер, обладал отличным слухом. Его пение отличалось музыкальностью особого склада, (он армянин по национальности), своеобразием интонаций, гибкой экспрессией. Мать Вера Анатольевна Карасева, профессиональная пианистка, работала с детьми дошкольного возраста, писала детские песни
  3. (in Russian) Discography of Vladimir Makarov
  4. (in Russian) How Beautiful is the World. Archived 2012-02-01 at WebCite
  5. (in Russian) These Cheerful Planet
  6. (in Russian) David Tukhmanov
  7. (in Russian) Vadim Nikolayev. Notes on Different Themes. Moscow, Svetez'Ъ Publishing House, 2011. P. 16.
  8. (in Russian) A. Alexeev, A. Burlaka, A. Sidorov. Who is Who in Soviet Rock. Moscow, 1991. P. 164.
  9. (in Russian) David Tukhmanov — Publications
  10. (in Russian) A. Alexeev, A. Burlaka, A. Sidorov. Who is Who in Soviet Rock. Moscow, 1991. Pages 164-165.
  11. (in Russian) Steps. Alexander Barykin.
  12. (in Russian) Love Itself. Jaak Joala.
  13. (in Russian) War Songs. David Tukhmanov.
  14. (in Russian) The Travel of M. Perrichon (1986)
  15. (in Russian) The Travel of M. Perrichon
  16. (in Russian) Electroclub
  17. (in Russian) Electroclub 2
  18. "Electroclub. Toy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  19. (in Russian) Official site of David Fyodorovich Tukhmanov
  20. (in Russian) Oleg Mityaev represents Long Live the Muses!
  21. (in Russian) Tsaritsa
  22. (in Russian) Jubilee's concert of Valeriya. Archived 2012-12-31 at the Wayback Machine
  23. (in Russian) DOstoyaniye REspubliki, October 6, 2013
  24. (in Russian) Debut EP
  25. (in Russian) CD How the World is Fine
  26. (in Russian) Yuri Antonov and Tatyana Sashko. Archived 2013-06-17 at Archive.
  27. (in Russian) My Address is Soviet Union
  28. (in Russian) I Go to Sea
  29. (in Russian) Vesiolie Rebiata
  30. (in Russian) Leysya, Pesnya
  31. (in Russian) On a Wave of My Memory. Archived 2012-02-01 at WebCite
  32. (in Russian) Remastered On a Wave of My Memory
  33. (in Russian) New version of On a Wave of My Memory
  34. (in Russian) Nightingale's Grove
  35. (in Russian) Single
  36. (in Russian) In Memory of the Guitarist. In Memory of the Poet.
  37. (in Russian) Funeral of Kirsanov
  38. (in Russian) David Tukhmanov. Songs.
  39. (in Russian) Olympiad-80
  40. (in Russian) Disks Go Round
  41. (in Russian) UFO — Moscva Archived 2012-02-01 at WebCite
  42. (in Russian) CD Steps
  43. (in Russian) CD Love Itself
  44. (in Russian) Attraction of Earth
  45. (in Russian) My Address is Soviet Union
  46. (in Russian) Weimar Suite
  47. (in Russian) My Beloved (songs...). Archived 2012-02-01 at WebCite
  48. (in Russian) Golden Hill
  49. (in Russian) Eternal Spring
  50. Magic Children's Songs
  51. (in Russian) Magic Children's Songs CD1
  52. (in Russian) Magic Children's Song CD2
  53. (in Russian) My Motherland
  54. (in Russian) Discography of David Tukhmanov
  55. (in Russian) The European Suite
  56. (in Russian) Carnival-suite
  57. (in Russian) Joseph Kobzon
  58. (in Russian) Heart Must Love
  59. (in Russian) White Dance
  60. (in Russian) Marches for Trumpet Orchestra
  61. (in Russian) Elegy
  62. (in Russian) Sky's Star Song
  63. (in Russian) Vesiolie Rebiata. Love Is the Child of Planet Archived 2013-01-06 at the Wayback Machine
  64. (in Russian) Eternal Movement
  65. (in Russian) Family Album
  66. (in Russian) Don't Forget Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  67. (in Russian) Tango of Boris Poplavsky's Dreams


Text adapted from Wikipedia