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Joan Guinjoan

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Joan Guinjoan Gispert. Photo by Eugènia Perea, courtesy of the Riudomencs Arnau de Palomar Study Center

Joan Guinjoan i Gispert (28 November 1931 – 1 January 2019)[1] was a Spanish Catalan composer and pianist.

Biography

Born in Riudoms, Guinjoan studied at the Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu in Barcelona. In 1954, he moved to Paris and continued his studies at the École normale de musique, studying composition, orchestration and electroacoustics. In 1954 he met his future wife, Monique Gispert, whom he married in 1956 and with whom he had a son, François. After more than 250 piano recitals, he abandoned his career as a pianist in the 1960s. He then devoted himself to composition.

In 1960 he settled in Barcelona and expanded his composition and fugue studies with the maestro Cristòfor Taltabull. Determined to become a composer, he returned to Paris to study composition with Pierre Wissmer. In 1962, he joined the Schola Cantorum de Paris. In 1963 he was awarded the title of Composition of the Schola Cantorum in Paris and in 1964 the diploma of Orchestration, also from the Schola Cantorum in Paris. He returned to Barcelona the following year.[2] From 1967 onwards he wrote a music critic column in the Diari de Barcelona newspaper.

Since 1991 he has been a full member of the Royal Catalan Academy of Fine Arts of Sant Jordi. In 1999 he received the Creu de Sant Jordi, a distinction awarded by the Generalitat de Catalunya, then in 2001, he received the Gold Medal of Merit in the Fine Arts awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports.

The personal papers of Joan Guinjoan are preserved in the Biblioteca de Catalunya.[3]

Musical activity

He began his musical activity in 1953 with piano recitals in Reus and Tarragona, which continued throughout Spain after winning the Piano Competition for Musical Youths.

From the sixties onwards he dedicated himself to composition, especially after making contact with the French musical avant-garde in 1964. In 1960 he had already publicly premiered his first work, Suite opus 1, during a recital in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

In 1965, with the clarinetist Juli Panyella, he formed the instrumental group Diabolus in Musica. They performed their first concert in 1966 at the Círculo Medina in Barcelona. In 1968 they made the first Spanish recording of Stravinsky's The Story of the Soldier, with Víctor Martín as solo violin.

In 1969 he premiered his ballet Els cinc continents at the Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona.

In 1971 he premiered his work Magma at the Palau de la Música Catalana.

He was a composition teacher for Anna Bofill Levi.

He conducted prestigious orchestras in Europe and America and received several awards, such as the National Music Award granted by the Ministry of Culture in 1990 or the National Music Award granted by the Generalitat de Catalunya in 1995. [2]

On November 3 of 2004 premiered at the Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona, the opera Gaudí, with libretto by Josep Maria Carandell. [6]

On 3 November of 2011 the Auditorio Nacional de Madrid hosted a tribute concert, to mark his 80th anniversary.

Works

  • Suite moderna (1960)
  • Sinfonía de la imperial Tarraco (1961)
  • Prélude # (1961)
  • Prélude nº 2 (1961)
  • Momentos 1 (1961)
  • Fantasie en do (1961)
  • Escenas de niños (1961)
  • El pinell de Dal (1962)
  • Chez García Ramos (1962)
  • Tentación (1963)
  • Scherzo et trío (1963)
  • Rayo de luna (1963)
  • Prelude nº 3 (1963)
  • Peces bermejos (1963)
  • Nubes (1963)
  • Concierto for piano and chamber orchestra (1963)
  • Jour jusqu'au sang (1964)
  • Fantasy for clarinet and piano (1964)
  • Canto espiritual indio (1964)
  • Trois mouvementes pour piano, clarinette et percussion (1965)
  • Triptique pour quintette à vent (1965)
  • Tres pequeñas piezas (1965)
  • Miniaturas (1965)
  • Puntos cardinales (1966)
  • Células nº 1 (1966)
  • Células nº 2 (1966)
  • Monólogo de Orestes (1968)
  • Los cinco continentes (1968)
  • Dynamiques-Rythmes (1968)
  • Five studies for two pianos and percussion 1968)
  • Células nº 3 (1968)
  • Three pieces for clarinet alone (1969)
  • Symphonic Suite of the Ballet Los cinco continentes (1969)
  • Pentágono (1969)
  • Musica intuitiva (1969)
  • Fragmento (1969)
  • Duet for cello and piano (1970)
  • Bi-tematic (1970)
  • Magma (1971)
  • La rosa de los vientos (1971, revised in 1978)
  • Tensión-Relax (1972)
  • Retaule (1972)
  • Diagramas (1972). Prize for composition of the city of Barcelona in 1972.
  • Tríptico de Semana Santa (1973)
  • Las moscas (1973)
  • Improvisación I (1973)
  • Ab origine (1974)
  • Trama (1975, revised in 1983)
  • Música para violonchelo y orquesta (1975, revised in 1980)
  • Acta est fabula (1975)
  • Variorum (1976)
  • Retorno a Cataluña (1976)
  • Por la esperanza (1976)
  • Duelo (1976)
  • Dígrafo (1976)
  • Tzakol (1977)
  • Magic (1977)
  • Koan 77 (1977)
  • El diario (1977)
  • Ambiente nº 1 (1977)
  • Phobos (1978)
  • La rosa de los vientos. Second version in (1978). Prize for composition of the city of Barcelona in 1978.
  • G.I.C. 1978 (1978)
  • Divagante (1978)
  • Cadenza (1978)
  • Puzzle (1979)
  • Prisma (1979)
  • Phrase (1979)
  • Jondo (1979)
  • G.I.C. 1979 (1979)
  • Neuma (1980)
  • Micrótono for viola solo (1980)
  • Horitzo (1980)
  • Croquis (1980)
  • Au revoir, Barocco (1980)
  • Tensión (1981)
  • Trio per archi (1982)
  • Foc d'aucell (1982)
  • Diferencias (1983)
  • Concerto n° 1 for piano and orchestra (1983). In memoriam Ernest Lluch.
  • Vectorial (1985)
  • Música para II (1985)
  • Contrapunto alla mente (1985)
  • Homenaje a Carmen Amaya (1986)
  • Concerto N° 1 for violin and orchestra (1986)
  • Nocturno (1987)
  • In tribulatione mea invocavi dominum (1987). Dedicated to Pietat Homs.
  • Resonancias (1988)
  • Passim-Trío (1988)
  • Concerto for bassoon and instrumental ensemble (Concierto para fagot y conjunto instrumental) (1989)
  • Concerto for guitar and orchestra (1990)
  • Trencadis (1991)
  • Gaudí (1989-1992). Opera dedicated to Monique Gispert de Guinjoan, wife of the composer
  • Nexus (1993)
  • Trencadís (1994). Symphonic fragment of the ballet, taken from his opera Gaudí
  • Self-Paráfrasis (1997). Dedicated to Enrique Franco.
  • Symphonie No 2 Ciutat de Tarragona (1998). Dedicated to Montserrat Icart.
  • Pantonal (1998). In homage to the Cadaqués Orchestra, dedicated to Isabel Guinjoan Cambra, niece of the composer
  • Bi-temàtic (1998)
  • Fanfarria (1999). Dedicated to the Barcelona Symphony and Catalonia National Orchestra.
  • Autógrafo (1999).
  • Díptico para 8 violonchelos (2000). Dedicated to Jacques Bernaerd.

References

  1. Fallece el compositor Joan Guinjoan
  2. "Joan Guinjoan - Bio". www.joanguinjoan.com. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  3. "Personal papers of Joan Guinjoan in the Biblioteca de Catalunya". 5 June 2020.

External links

Text translated and adapted from the Catalan Wikipedia