Jorge Peixinho

From Unearthing The Music

Photo taken from the book: "A invenção dos sons" by Sérgio Azevedo

Jorge Manuel Marques Peixinho Rosado (born 20 January 1940 in Montijo, Portugal; died 30 June 1995 in Lisbon, Portugal) was a Portuguese composer, pianist and conductor, who was also active as a teacher, critic, lecturer, international jury member and concert organizer.

Peixinho first became interested in music after being taught to play the piano by his maternal aunt, Judite Rosado, who was a piano teacher. He initially studied composition and piano at the Conservatory of Lisbon between 1951 and 1958 (where he himself later taught), then studied composition with Boris Porena and Goffredo Petrassi at the Accademia de Santa Cecilia in Rome after being awarded a scholarship from the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, graduating in 1961 with a diploma for advanced studies in composition.

After working with Luigi Nono in Venice, he was awarded another Gulbenkian Foundation and Cultural Institute scholarship and studied with Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen in Darmstadt and at the Academy of Music in Basel on various occasions between 1960 and 1970.

In 1970, he created the Lisbon Contemporary Music Group with Clotilde Rosa, after being asked by the national broadcaster (RTP) to devise a programme with his own pieces. The group's first public presentation happened at the Sintra Festival and then became a regular affair with presentations at festivals and concert halls throughout the country and with recordings for the national radio (RDP) and television broadcasters (RTP).

Later he worked at the IPEM studio in Ghent from 1972 to 1973, after earning a scholarship from the Belgian government for advanced studies in electro-acoustic music. Later he also attended a workshop on music and computers at the IRCAM, in Paris.

In 1974 he received the composition prize of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and in 1976 the same prize from the Portuguese performing rights society (SPA). In 1977 he was elected member of the Presidential Council of the ISCM (International Society for Contemporary Music). Throughout this period he collaborated regularly with the Gulbenkian Foundation’s "Contemporary Music Encounters" events.

He taught at the National Conservatory of Lisbon. In recent years, before his untimely death at the age of 55, he was greatly in demand as a jury member and participant for both lectures and concerts. He was well regarded by his contemporaries, having recieved a golden medal from his hometown of Montijo, where he served briefly as the president of the municipal assembly, and where a secondary school was later named after him.

Works (selected list)

  • Tríptico, for voices / soli, choirs, and various instrumental ensembles (1959)
  • Sucessões Simétricas I, for piano solo (1960)
  • Episódios, for string quartet (1960)
  • Políptico, for chamber orchestra (1960)
  • Episódios, for string quartet (1960)
  • Concerto for Saxophone and Orchestra (1961)
  • Episódios, for string quartet (1960)
  • Diafonia, for harp, harpsichord + piano (one player), celesta, percussion and 12 stringed instruments (1963–65)
  • Morfocromia, for 12 instruments divided up into three sections (1963–66)
  • Kinetofonias, for large string orchestra divided up into three sections (1965–68)
  • CDE, for clarinet, violin, cello, and piano (1970)
  • Sucessões Simétricas II, for orchestra (1971)
  • As Quatro Estações, for trumpet, cello, harp and piano (1968–72)
  • Voix, for chamber orchestra and mezzo-soprano (1972)
  • A Idade do Ouro, for 2 clarinets & bass clarinets, 2 violins, harp, harpsichord, piano & organ (1973)
  • Recitativo IV, for flute, harp, guitar, viola, cello, piano, melodica, percussion and tape (1974)
  • Música em Água e Marmore, for flute, trumpet, harp, guitar, violin, cello and synthesizer (1977)
  • Electronicolírica, for tape (1979)
  • Elegy for Amilcar Cabral / "Elegia a Amílcar Cabral", an electroacoustic composition (1978)
  • Mémoires... Miroirs... , concerto - for ampliphied clavichord and 12 stringed instruments (1980)
  • Canto para Anna Livia / "Song for Anna Livia", for soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, flute, recorder, cello, celesta, organ and three percussionists (1981)
  • Retrato de Helena / "Portrait of Helen", for chamber orchestra (1982)
  • Concerto de Outono / "Autumn Concerto", for oboe and orchestra (1983)
  • O Jardim de Belisa, for chamber ensemble (1984)
  • Ouçam a soma dos sons que soam, for flute, clarinet, piano, percussion and string quintet (1986)
  • Canto Germinal, electroacoustic music (1989)
  • Passage Interieur, for saxophones, electric guitar, electric bass, synthesizer and electronic drum set (1989)
  • Alis, for chamber orchestra / 15 instruments (1990)
  • Floreal, for flute, bass clarinet, harp, celesta, violin and viola (1992)
  • Nocturno no Cabo do Mundo, sonata for three pianos (1993)
  • Concerto for Harp and Orchestra (1995)

Recordings (selection)

  • Música I (Cinco pequenas peças "Five Short Pieces", Collage I, Estudo I, Harmónicos, Sucessões Simétricas I). Jorge Peixinho and Filipe de Sousa, pianos. LP: Tecla, 1972 (reed. CD: Jorsom, 1994)
  • CDE,. Grupo de Música Contemporânea de Lisboa - "Lisbon Contemporary Music Group", led by / dir. Jorge Peixinho. LP: Sassetti, 1974 (reed. CD: Strauss, 1995)
  • Elegia a Amílcar Cabral, electronic music. LP: Sassetti, 1978 (reed. CD: Strauss-PortugalSom, 1997)
  • As Quatro Estações "Four Seasons". Grupo de Música Contemporânea de Lisboa - "Lisbon Contemporary Music Group", led by / dir. Carlos Franco. LP: Sassetti, 1982 (reed. CD: PortugalSom, 1991)
  • Music of Portugal, series of 20 LPs, 2nd subset of 5, LPs 4106, 4109 (including - Sucessões Simétricas I, Episódios). Fernando Laires, piano; Manhattan String Quartet. Educo (USA), [1984]
  • Koellreutter (includes Greetings für Koellreutters), Grupo Juntos Música Nova. LP: Fundação Nacional de Arte/ Memória Musical Brasileira - "National Foundation for Art/ Brazilian Music Heritage", 1985.
  • Música Portuguesa Contemporânea – Obras para guitarra "Contemporary Portuguese Music - Guitar Works" (includes L'Oiseau-Lyre). José Lopes e Silva, guitar. LP: PortugalSom, 1985 (reed. CD, 1995)
  • Daniel Kientzy (includes Sax-Blue). Daniel Kientzy, saxophone. LP: Poly, 1988.
  • Jorge Peixinho: Sobreposições, Políptico 1960, Sucessões Simétricas II, As Quatro Estações. Orquestra Sinfónica de Budapeste/ GMCL. CD: PortugalSom, 1991.
  • Música Portuguesa Contemporânea – Obras para clarinete "Contemporary Portuguese Music - Clarinet Works" (includes - O novo canto da Sibila). António Saiote, clarinet. CD Strauss-PortugalSom, 1995.
  • Jorge Peixinho: Concerto para saxofone alto e orquestra "Concerto for Alto Saxophone and Orchestra", includes - Sax-blue, Passage intérieur, Fantasia-Impromptu. Daniel Kientzy, saxofones /Filarmonica Transilvania et al., CD: Nova Musica, 1996
  • Música Portuguesa – Séc. XX "Portuguese Music - XXth Century" (includes - 'À flor das águas verdes' and 'Nocturno no Cabo do Mundo'), Grupo de Música Vocal Contemporânea "Contemporary Vocal Group", (led by) dir. Mário Mateus /Jorge Peixinho, Francisco Monteiro e Jaime Mota, pianos 2CD: Numérica, 1996
  • Lov (includes - Lov II). Trio Lov. CD: AM&M, 2002
  • Jorge Peixinho: – Música para piano. Miguel Borges Coelho, piano. 2CD: Numérica, 2005

Bibliography (selected list)

  • "Música e Notação" (separata de Poesia Experimental-2, Lisbon: Cadernos de Hoje), 1966
  • «Canto de amor e de morte. Introdução a um ensaio de interpretação morfológica» in III Ciclo de Cultura Musical: Fernando Lopes-Graça. Associação Académica da Faculdade de Direito de Lisboa/ Agência da J.M.P., 1966.
  • "Música sem fantástico ou música arte-fantástica?", in O Fantástico na Arte Contemporânea, Lisbon: Gulbenkian, 1992, pp. 219–22
  • «Lopes-Graça: nova luz sobre uma figura ímpar da cultura portuguesa» in 'Uma homenagem a Fernando Lopes-Graça', Matosinhos, Edições Afrontamento/Câmara Municipal de Matosinhos - Matosinhos City Hall, 1995, pp. 6–15